The Year 1950
President Truman orders the AEC to develop the hydrogen bomb.
North Korea invades South Korea
U.N. forces arrive to counter the invasion, but are forced to withdraw.
President Truman declares state of
emergency after Communist China becomes involved in the conflict.
Communist Chinese forces occupy Tibet
Senator Joseph McCarthy warns of communist infiltration of State Department
Failed assassination attempt on President Truman by Puerto Rican
Congress passes laws that restrict communists and communist parties in the
Accused communist spy Alger Hiss convicted of perjury
National Council of Churches formed
The FBI issues its first list of Ten Most Wanted Criminals.
U.S. Postmaster General cuts mail delivery from twice to once a day.
First human kidney transplant performed (49 year old woman in Chicago)
North Korea invades South Korea.
U.N. forces under General Douglas MacArthur join South Korea in the war.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY:
Antihistamines become popular as cold relief medications
New York's Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel opens
World Series: New York Yankees over Philadelphia, 4-0
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox becomes the highest paid baseball player at $125,000 a year.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT:
Movies: Sunset Boulevard, All About Eve
Songs: A Bushel and a Peck, Good Night Irene, Mona
Lisa, C'est Si Bon
TV Shows: Arthur Godfrey and Friends, Lux Video
Theatre, Fred Waring Show, Your Show of Shows, Your Hit Parade, Fireside
New TV shows: Jack Benny, What's My Line, You Bet Your Life (Grocho) and
Sid Ceasar's Your Show of Shows.
Books: The Martian Chronicles, Ray Bradbury;
Across the River and Into the Trees, Ernest Hemmingway;
Darkness at Noon, Sidney Kingsley; The Way West, A.B.
"Cool jazz" gains popularity
Guys and Dolls premieres
George Bernard Shaw dies
Best Picture: All About Eve
Best Actor: Jose Ferrer in Cyrano deBererac
Best Actress: Judy Holiday in Born Yesterday
TV hero Hopalong Cassidy peaks in popularity
New products: Miss Clairol Hair Coloring, Minute Rice, Diners Club credit card, the Xerox copy machine.
14 million television sets sold in U.S., increasing the number in service
Betty Crocker's picture cook book issued.
Smokey the Bear becomes living symbol of the U.S. Forest Service.
Charles M. Schulz's comic strip "Peanuts" debuted in eight newspapers.